Rare Flora and Fauna in Nepal

  • May 20, 2022
  • Prathana

Nepal might be small in its dimensions but is an outlandish area for a naturalist who wants to explore the best assortment of vegetation on earth. Nepal is home to different floras and faunas basically because of its changed climatic zones and the different geological highlights. Nepal to a great extent relies on the assortments of creatures and plants to draw numerous explorers into the country.  

Perhaps you are making a wildlife excursion or relishing the homestay trek or planning a stroll in the public/National parks or conservation areas of Nepal, you certainly experience the assorted shades of Nepal's verdure. Your flora and fauna exploration in Nepal reaches its peak as you go through the profound forests of Nepal experiencing from the intriguing Lophophorus to the elusive  Royal Bengali Tiger, the endangered One-Horned Rhino to the remarkable Snow panther, and the biggest assortment of birds.

The conserved areas of Nepal go all over 1,47,181 km, of total dimensions of  Nepal, covering the savannah or the grassland of Terai, the foothill of the Nepal Himalayas, and the ecological territory of the hilly regions. The elevation in Nepal goes over 8848 meters from as low as 70 meters. This super altitudinal slope has made a sum of 11 bio-climatic zones ranging from the equatorial area underneath 500m to the polar zone above 5000m in the Himalayas. The botanists have found 5160 types of blooming plants and 1120 types of non-blooming plants. Also, the zoologists have found 181 warm-blooded animal species, 100 reptile species, 844 bird species, 43 land and amphibian species, 635 butterfly species, and 185 fish species.

Table of Contents

Different Flora and Fauna Found in Nepal

The creature and birds of Nepal are generally seen in the forests. The greater part of the birds is seen in the mountain region. The plants offer the occupant to the human. The individual influences no harm from these.

There is a various assortment of Flora and Fauna encountered in Nepal. You can explore the rare flora and fauna of Nepal for various purposes as they can be investigated either for research or entertainment purposes. 


On the planet, vegetation is very different from one region to another. In the mountain region, the plant is pleasant to imagine, and it acquires the cold season. It is widely found inside the mountain region at cut-off cold.

In Terai, the climate is sweltering because of that temperature, and the place is persistent. Thus, because of this normal behavior, various types of trees are found in the Terai locale. In a chilly climate, the orange is refined.

The shocking bloom is found in the district for embellishing the home by a singular arrangement of decisions and with our choice by acting great. Verdure comes from a flower that could be a reference to the plant. Plants unfurl it wherever all over the planet. Greenery concentrate on the study of science book, the word is the return from it to see wherever the globe. It's normal and indicated by God.

Medicinal Plants

Plants accessible in the upper Himalayas have incredible restorative worth; its importance is featured as Ayurveda in the thousand years of age Hindu stories. A significant number of the conventional practices (Ayurvedic, Homeopathic, Amchi, and so on) include the utilization of Himalayan plants to recuperate. Nowadays, even the allopathic medications are ready from those species. 
Flora with its medicinal benefit is mostly found in the Himalayan region. Himalayan Flora is used for significant conventional practices like Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Amchi, and many more.  They are even used for allopathic medicine preparation. 

Nepal is enriched with a few rare florae and some common species that can be found over the world. 
A few  species found in Nepal that  are commonly found:  
Aloe Vera, Asparagus, Calamus, Yarsagumba, cinnamon, dry ginger, Neem, Tulsi, and Zanthoxylum armatum are a portion of the ordinarily known spices. This is only a minuscule piece of the complete remedial spices found in Nepal.
 A portion of the plant species found in Nepal is extremely interesting on the planet. Here are some of them:

Spikenard (Jatamasi)

It is a pink and white shaded flower with intertwined hairs of the root. It can be found in the excessive areas of Nepal (3000m to 5000m asl),  it stands apart from the rest of the others. These roots are used to prepare fragrant oil, which is additionally used for the treatment of cholera, epilepsy, and heart sicknesses. The National Authority of Nepal has restricted the export of Spikenard.

Serpentina (Sarpagandha)

The flower of Serpentina (Sarpagandha) are red and white shaded and look similar to Jatamasi. It can be spotted at a height of around 1200m while it is additionally found in the lower Terai district. Even though its flower does not carry medicinal properties but its root is beneficial for the treatment of diarrhea, Insomnia,  Dysentry, Blood pressure, Worm, and many more.  

Himalayan Yew (Lauth salla)

Himalayan Yew has a leaf-like comb, it can be found at the height of 1700m-3400m. It is used for the preparation of medication for neurological disorders, headaches, heart diseases, diarrhea, respiration, and many more. This plant is around 8 m long. Turning out to be super beneficial for the survivors of cancer is likewise accepted.

Cordyceps (Yarsagumba)

It is an exceptionally found plant. It is rich in therapeutic value which makes it one of the most sought species all over the world.  It is around 5 to 8 cm long and is found in the body of a caterpillar and falls under the group of fungi. It is used for the treatment of heart illness and mental treatment. It is against the law to trade this species and, maybe, given its significant expense, it is illicitly smuggled.


The enormous scope of fauna is found on the world's surface and they are a large portion. It's found owing 
seen as inferable from enduring. 'cryptofauna' is the arrangement of scant creatures and it's mythological.

There's furthermore the 'megafauna' that is the enormous creature we will more often than not look at inside the wilderness normally. Earth is the best spot to measure.


Combining every animal category from Lower-Terai to Upper-Himalayas, there are 185 types of mammals found in Nepal: Asiatic Elephant, one-horned Rhinoceros, and Royal Bengal Tiger are the rulers of Terai's tropical wildernesses, while monkey, langurs, panther, hyena, Jackal, wild pig, wolf, gazelle, sloth bear, spotted deer yelping deer actually stand firm on a good situation. In the eastern forest of Koshi-Tappu, wild bison (also known as Arna) is praised; in the western Suklaphanta natural life save, overwhelmed deer allures the backwoods with enchantment. For the conservation of blackbucks, the Government of Nepal has announced an area of 15.95 sq. km as the Blackbucks Conservation Area in Bardia of Nepal.

Likewise, Nepal has one of the distinctive assortments of Dolphins (Ganges) in the river of Karnali and Narayani. Before 2009, these dolphins should have been visible whenever in these waterways. Be that as it may, after an overwhelming flood-hit in those waterways, dolphin glimpse has become extremely rare. Similarly, the elusive snow leopard of the Himalayan region and the timid red panda are million-dollar glances. The commonly rambling wildlife of the Himalayas is the Yak, Himalayan Tahr, Blue Sheep, and so on. Hunting of Himalayan Tahr and Blue Sheep is permitted in the forest of Dhorpatan (the major Hunting Reserve of the country).


Wide assortments of reptiles get by like Nepal. Among them, fish-eating Gharial and omnivorous swamp mugger are the imperiled native types of crocodile tracked down wild in Nepal. While the Gharial has a long and pointed nose, Marsh muggers are expansively snouted. They play in the muddy water and look dirty. Snakes, then again, are especially alluring with their brilliant outlook. Some of them are Cobras, Kraits, Vipers, and Indian Python. Indeed, Lizards are no special case for what this nation has to offer. Turtles and monitor Lizards are a lot wild in the Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park.


Nepal is home to over 887 types of birds. These assortments of bird species reside in over 37 significant Bird and Biodiversity Areas of Nepal. In the variety of climatic zones and dramatic landscape of Nepal dwells numerous rare, flawless, and dynamic bird species. Rare species like Impeyan Pheasant, Crimson Horned Pheasant, and so forth sing and dance in the Himalayas. Likewise, an endemic species like the bird Spiny Babbler is tracked down just in the hilly region of Nepal. Similarly, the forests of terai feel revitalized with the murmuring of vultures.

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